Keywords:Precious Stones, Muhammad Bin Ahmed Alberuni, Gemmology, Physical chemestry
The Book on Precious Stones, by Muhammad-bin-Ahmed Alberuni is a most valuable book on gemmology and physical chemistry. Its literary style is also noteworthy. The Arabic text was edited by Fritz Kren Kow and published in 1355 H/1936 A.D. form Hyderabad Deccan. The Arabic Text was translated in English by Hakeem M. Saeed (Said) and published by Hijra Council, Islamabad in 1410H/1989. It is now being translated in Urdu with annotation. The Urdu translation of the 1st chapter of its 2nd fascicle is presented here because of its literary, technical and historic worth. The 1st fascicle has already been published.